Château d'Yquem, 1er Grand Cru Classé, Sauternes, 2006

  Château d'Yquem

2006 proved to be a very technical vintage in Sauternes, demanding both expertise and courage. The blend of humidity and heat in late September provided ideal conditions for botrytis and Yquem clearly shows this, but there was uneven ripening and many passes had to be made through the vineyard to ensure each bunch was picked at optimum maturity. Some grapes were picked before the rains, others after; some were botrytised and others not; and the whole harvest was over three weeks earler than usual. Analytically, 2006 was closest to some remarkable vintages: 1921, 1929 and 1934, and this is undoubtedly a fabulous Yquem. It has a pale gold colour, a pronounced nose that is immediately full and very complex, bearing such varied aromas as heather honey, spring blossom, ginger, cream, white stone fruit, strawberry juice, caramel, and vanilla pod; there is notable acidity on the start of the palate, high viscosity, warmth from the 14% alcohol, a full, rich, dark orange peel fruit character that is complimented by hints hot buttered toast and spice. Harmonious and very fine, this is an exciting wine that provides a smorgasbord of taste experiences, lingers inexorably on the palate, and will certainly grow in stature and age as well as any Yquem before it. Outstanding!

Contains Sulphites.

About Château d'Yquem

Chateau Yquem is without doubt the grandest and best known of all the great Sauternes estates. In fact, it is widely regarded as one of if not the most exclusive dessert wines produced anywhere in the world. When classified in 1855, Yquem was granted the exclusive and unique title of Premier Cru Supérieur.

The list of past owners reads like a who’s who: King Louis VII and King Henry II were just two of the illustrious previous owners. In more recent times (1785), the estate became the property of the Lur-Saluces family. After a 219 year family association with the Chateau, Alexandre Lur-Saluces stood down in 2004. Now the property is under the ownership of luxury goods brand LVMH and the stewardship of Pierre Lurton and wine maker Sandrine Garbay.

In all, they have 100 hectares of vines, planted with 80% Semillon and 20% Sauvignon Blanc. Pickers are required to undertake numerous tries, depending on the vintage and the spread of botrytis. Fermentation takes place in oak and there is liberal aging in barrel. In some vintages, some parcels are harvested early to produce a dry white wine called ‘Y’ (Ygrec).

The Grand Vin is one of life’s treasures. It is a wine of unerring purity, complexity, finesse and power. It is the wine that all other Sauternes estates aspire to be. For sweet wine lovers, it is quite simply Sauternes nirvana.

Appellation: Sauternes

Three grape varieties are planted: Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, and Muscadelle. Sémillon is the principal grape, because it is especially susceptible to noble rot, Sauvignon is used for its naturally high acidity, whilst tiny proportions of the capricious Muscadelle are used for aromatic qualities. Sweet wine has been made here at least since the late 18th century. Its position is unique, close to two rivers, the broad Garonne and its small tributary, the Ciron. In autumn, the cool Ciron waters flow into the warmer tidal Garonne, evening mists develop that envelop the vineyards until late morning the following day, after the sun has burnt the mist away all that is left is moisture on trhe grapes that encourages noble rot or Botrytis cinerea. This fungus attacks grapes, causing them to shrivel, concentrating flavour sugars and acids. The wines were classified in 1855, the most prominent of which is Château Yquem, whose yields even in a vintage where noble rot is prominent, reach no more than 10 hl/ha.

Grape Blend: Semillon | Sauvignon Blanc

Semillon is blended with Sauvignon Blanc to produce the great sweet botrytis-affected wines of Bordeaux in Sauternes and Barsac, the Sauvignon adds aroma, fruit and freshness to the rich fleshy Semillon. Semillon is at its most illustrious in the humid atmosphere of Sauternes and Barsac, where it is susceptible to Botrytis rot, which helps concentrate the fruit sugars, acids and flavours, producing some of the most luscious, sweet long-lived wines in the world. The most renowned example is Château d'Yquem, though there are a plethora of estates throughout the region whose wines come close in quality.