Grape Types

Historically grown widely in Italy, Spain and Portugal, it can be found as either a full white varietal or a light red. Often blended with other varietals in Orvieto or as Vin Santo in Tuscany. Malmsey is an English corruption of Malvasia, which is known for its importance in Madeira.
Sercial is vital in the production of Madeira, either as a blend or as a dry style single varietal. Planted at altitude in the cooler North facing vineyards, Sercial has very high acidity which is required for the ageing potential of quality Madeira.
Also grown in the Hunter Valley and Victoria, Verdhelo is best known in Madeira where it produces medium-dry wines for single varietal Madeira or in blends.