Bellevue Mondotte, perhaps more than any other estate epitomises the garagiste movement. Consultant Oenologist, Michel Rolland along with propriétaire Gerard Perse fashion unashamedly modern, inky, Merlot dominated wines from this excellent limestone terroir. The secret as with all the Perse wines in low yields, typically below 20hl/ha and aging in 100% new oak. The results are not for everyone, but American uber-critic, Robert Parker is certainly a fan, regularly awarding this estate scores in the high 90s.
St-Émilion is a very different region to those of the Médoc, dominated by small-holding farmers and estates rather than grand Châteaux. Merlot is widely planted as is Cabernet Franc in some parts. The wines are enormously variable in style depending on the terroir, the grape variety make-up and winemaking style. Loosely the region is divided between the limestone Côtes, Graves or gravelly limestone plateau or the sandy alluvial soils nearer the Dordogne. Traditionally Médoc wines were trade from Bordeaux and St Emilions from Libourne so they have their own classification system separate to that of 1855. The classification is revised every ten years and falls into four categories, St Emilion, St Emilion Grand Cru, St Emilion Grand Cru Classé and St Emilion Premier Grand Cru Classé
Most of the district's best properties are either on the steep, clay-limestone hillsides immediately below the town or on a gravelly section of the plateau west of St Emilion itself abutting Pomerol. There are several high profile estates in the region, including Cheval Blanc, Ausone, Figeac, Le Dôme, Valandraud and Pavie.