Siglas Rabaud is a 1er Cru Classé, located in the appellation of Sauternes. It is the smallest first growth with a plot of 14 hectares located within 500 meters of Chateau d’Yquem. The soil is silica-gravel that lies on a layer of clay. Three prominent characteristics of Siglas Rabaud are floral, lime blossom notes and aromas of white fruit, stoned fruit and citrus. It is said that these are some of the most ‘feminine’ wines from the Sauternes commune.
Three grape varieties are planted: Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, and Muscadelle. Sémillon is the principal grape, because it is especially susceptible to noble rot, Sauvignon is used for its naturally high acidity, whilst tiny proportions of the capricious Muscadelle are used for aromatic qualities. Sweet wine has been made here at least since the late 18th century. Its position is unique, close to two rivers, the broad Garonne and its small tributary, the Ciron. In autumn, the cool Ciron waters flow into the warmer tidal Garonne, evening mists develop that envelop the vineyards until late morning the following day, after the sun has burnt the mist away all that is left is moisture on trhe grapes that encourages noble rot or Botrytis cinerea. This fungus attacks grapes, causing them to shrivel, concentrating flavour sugars and acids. The wines were classified in 1855, the most prominent of which is Château Yquem, whose yields even in a vintage where noble rot is prominent, reach no more than 10 hl/ha.